Rage syndrome, also known as sudden onset aggression syndrome or idiopathic aggression, is a neurological disorder. It causes dogs to display unprovoked and unpredictable aggressive behaviour.
It is rare and it generally affects specific breeds. In particular, this includes English Springer Spaniels, Cocker Spaniels, Bull Terriers, and Retriever breeds. The condition is characterised by sudden outbursts of aggression. This can last from a few seconds to several hours, and can be directed at people, animals, or objects.
What are the symptoms?
The symptoms of rage syndrome vary depending on the individual dog and the severity of the condition. However, some common symptoms include:
- Sudden, unprovoked aggression
- Intense and prolonged episodes of aggression
- Aggression directed at people, animals, or objects
- Absence of warning signs or triggers
- Behavioral changes, such as depression or lethargy
- Loss of appetite
- Repetitive circling or pacing
- Unusual vocalisation, such as growling or howling
What causes it?
Rage syndrome is serious but its exact cause isn’t really fully understood. It could be related to abnormal brain function and there may be some genetic factors. Some possible causes include:
- Genetic factors
- Extreme dominance aggression
- Partial complex seizures, which can cause aggression and behavioral changes
- Abnormalities in the brain
How is rage syndrome diagnosed?
Diagnosing rage syndrome can be challenging, as there are no specific tests or procedures to confirm the condition. However, a veterinarian can perform a thorough physical and neurological examination, as well as various diagnostic tests to rule out other potential causes of the dog’s behavior. These tests may include blood work, urinalysis, and imaging studies such as an MRI or CT scan. The vet may also perform an electroencephalogram (EEG) to evaluate the dog’s brain activity.
How is rage syndrome treated?
While there is no cure for rage syndrome, there are various treatment options available to manage the symptoms and reduce the risk of aggression. Some treatment options include:
- Medication: Anticonvulsant medication such as phenobarbital can be used to manage episodes of aggression, and some dogs may require lifelong treatment.
- Behavioral therapy: Working with a professional dog behaviorist can help to modify the dog’s behavior and reduce the risk of aggression.
- Environmental management: Making changes to the dog’s environment, such as reducing stressors or providing a safe and secure space, can help to prevent aggressive episodes.
- Euthanasia: In severe cases where the dog poses a significant risk to others and cannot be managed safely, euthanasia may be considered as a last resort.
In conclusion, rage syndrome is a rare and serious condition that can pose significant risks to both dogs and their human companions. It is important to be aware of the symptoms and seek veterinary care if you suspect that your dog may be affected by this condition. With proper management and treatment, many dogs with rage syndrome can live happy and healthy lives.